The monumental complex of the Florence Cathedral is an extraordinary work which involved the greatest italian artists of that time.
The construction of the Florence Cathedral started in 1296 and it was finally accomplished in 436 with the conclusive construction of the façade of Santa Maria del Fiore.
Actually, the definitive construction of the frontal façade of the Cathedral was accomplished in 1887 according to Emilio de Fabris's project. Up to that moment, the partially incomplete façade used to be temporarily decorated during the most important celebrations.
The construction of this monumental work, which attracts tourists from all over the world, involved the most important Italian artists
of the Middle Ages and Renaissance such as Arnolfo di Cambio, Giotto, Andrea Pisano, Filippo Brunelleschi, Lorenzo Ghiberti, Donatello, Paolo Uccello, Andrea del Verrocchio, Antonio del Pollaiolo, Luca della Robbia, Giorgio Vasari, Federico Zuccari and Michelangelo.
The Florence Cathedral construction was begun by Arnolfo di Cambio and then continued by Giotto, Francesco Talenti and Giovanni di Lapo Ghini, those was some of most important italian artists of that time.
The structure of the Florence Cathedral is made up of a three naves basilica church connected to a wide cross vault which constitutes the base of the huge Brunelleschi's Dome. Brunelleschi's Dome is a one-of-a-kind work that continues to astonish experts from all over the world, both for its size and its revolutionary method of building, conceived by the great Florentine architect.
Once concluded the construction of the dome, the interiors were decorated by Giorgio Vasari and Federico Zuccari who covered a surface of 3600 square meters with frescoes between 1572 and 1579, creating the biggest fresco overall.
Visiting the Cathedral of Florence it is impossible not to notice Giotto's bell tower and the Baptistery, two majestic examples of art and architecture.
The bell tower contruction was started in 1298 by Arnolfo di Cambio, who was then replaced by Giotto in 1334 who proposed its own project. Instead, the building of the Baptistery seems to be previous to the Cathedral one, even if we do not know the definite date of the original construction of this monument.